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Born on September 4

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Dawn Fraser
September 4, 1937
Balmain, near Sydney
Australian swimmer, the first woman swimmer to win gold medals in three consecutive Olympics Games (1956, 1960, 1964). From 1956 to 1964 she broke the women's world record for the 100-metre freestyle race nine successive times. Her mark of 58.9 seconds, established on Feb. 29, 1964, at North Sydney, . . .
Per Olof Sundman
September 4, 1922
Vaxholm, Swed.
Swedish novelist who wrote in the tradition of Social Realism during the 1960s. He also served as a member of the Swedish Parliament (1969-79).
Henry Ford, II
September 4, 1917 -- September 29, 1987
Detroit, Mich., U.S. -- Detroit
American industrialist and head of Ford Motor Company for 34 years (1945-79). He is generally credited with reviving the firm.
Stanford Moore
September 4, 1913 -- August 23, 1982
Chicago, Ill., U.S. -- New York, N.Y.
American biochemist, who, with Christian B. Anfinsen and William H. Stein, received the 1972 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for their research on the molecular structures of proteins.
Tange Kenzo
September 4, 1913
Imabari, Shikoku, Japan
One of the foremost Japanese architects in the decades following World War II.
Richard Wright
September 4, 1908 -- November 28, 1960
near Natchez, Miss., U.S. -- Paris, France
Novelist and short-story writer, who was among the first black American writers to protest white treatment of blacks, notably in his novel Native Son (1940) and his autobiography, Black Boy (1945). He inaugurated the tradition of protest explored by . . .
Edward Dmytryk
September 4, 1908
Grand Forks, B.C., Can.
American motion-picture director, one of the "Hollywood Ten," a group of film-industry people who were blacklisted for their alleged communist association. His notable films include Crossfire (1947), The Caine Mutiny (1954), The Young Lions (1958), and a film noir classic . . .
Max Delbruck
September 4, 1906 -- March 9, 1981
Berlin -- Pasadena, Calif., U.S.
German-born U.S. biologist, a pioneer in the study of molecular genetics who, with Alfred Day Hershey and Salvador Luria, was awarded the 1969 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for work on bacteriophages--viruses that infect bacteria.
Mary Renault
September 4, 1905 -- December 13, 1983
London, Eng. -- Cape Town, S.Af.
British-born South African novelist, best known for her scholarship and her skill in re-creating classical history and legend.
September 4, 1904
Paris, France
One of the most commercially successful and prolific French motion-picture directors, who was able to depict both drama and comedy effectively.
Ida Kaminska
September 4, 1899 -- May 21, 1980
Odessa, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now in Ukraine] -- New York, N.Y., U.S.
Polish-born Yiddish performer and theatre manager who achieved international stature.
Antonin Artaud
September 4, 1896 -- March 4, 1948
Marseille, Fr. -- Ivry-sur-Seine
French dramatist, poet, actor, and theoretician of the Surrealist movement who attempted to replace the "bourgeois" classical theatre with his "theatre of cruelty," a primitive ceremonial experience to liberate the human subconscious and reveal man to himself.
Henry Schultz
September 4, 1893 -- November 26, 1938
Szarkowszczyzna, Pol., Russian Empire -- San Diego, Calif., U.S.
Early Polish-born American econometrician and statistician.
Darius Milhaud
September 4, 1892 -- June 22, 1974
Aix-en-Provence, Fr. -- Geneva
A principal French composer of the 20th century known especially for his development of polytonality (simultaneous use of different keys).
Helmuth Plessner
September 4, 1892 -- June 12, 1985
Wiesbaden, Ger. -- Göttingen, W.Ger.
German philosopher credited with establishing European philosophical anthropology, the study of the nature of individuals through their experiences. In his theory of existence based on a balance between an "inner" and an "outer" self, he differentiated humans . . .
La Argentina
September 4, 1890 -- July 18, 1936
Buenos Aires -- Bayonne, Fr.
Dancer who originated the Neoclassical style of Spanish dancing and helped establish the Spanish dance as a theatrical art.
Suzuki Bunji
September 4, 1885 -- March 12, 1946
Miyagi prefecture, Japan -- Sendai, Miyagi prefecture
Japanese Christian who was one of the primary organizers of the labour movement in Japan. An early convert to Christianity, Suzuki, like many of his co-religionists, soon became active in the struggle for democracy and socialism in his country.
Georges Pitoeff
September 4, 1884 -- September 17, 1939
Tiflis, Russia -- Geneva
Russian-born director and producer, noted for his popularization in France of the works of contemporary foreign playwrights, especially Pirandello, Shaw, Chekhov, Schnitzler, and O'Neill. He was a member of the Cartel des Quatre (Group of Four), a group including Louis Jouvet, . . .
Leonhard Frank
September 4, 1882 -- August 18, 1961
Würzburg, Ger. -- Munich, W.Ger.
German Expressionist novelist and playwright who used sensationalism and a compact and austere prose to dramatize a favourite theme--the destruction of the individual spirit by bourgeois society.
Karlis Ulmanis
September 4, 1877 -- 1942
Berze, Latvia, Russian Empire
A leader in the fight for Latvian independence in the early decades of the 20th century. He was the first head of the Latvian Republic in 1918 and again in 1936-40 and was premier in 1918, 1919-21, 1925-26, 1931-32, and 1934-40.
Rollin Kirby
September 4, 1875 -- May 8, 1952
Galva, Ill., U.S. -- New York, N.Y.
American political cartoonist who gave modern cartooning decisive impetus in the direction of graphic simplicity and high symbolic value.
Karl Seitz
September 4, 1869 -- February 3, 1950
Vienna -- Vienna
Politician, acting head of Austria (1919-20) after the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and longtime Socialist mayor of Vienna (1923-34).
Simon Lake
September 4, 1866 -- June 23, 1945
Pleasantville, N.J., U.S. -- Bridgeport, Conn.
U.S. inventor who built the "Argonaut," the first submarine to operate extensively in the open sea.
Hermann von Wissmann
September 4, 1853 -- June 15, 1905
Frankfurt an der Oder, Brandenburg [Germany] -- near Liezen, Austria
German explorer who twice crossed the continent of Africa and added to the knowledge of the upper Congo River basin. His explorations led to the establishment of German colonies in East Africa.
John Dillon
September 4, 1851 -- August 4, 1927
Blackrock, County Dublin, Ire. -- London
A leader of the Irish Nationalist Party in the struggle to secure Home Rule by parliamentary means. Through the 1880s he was perhaps the most important ally of the greatest 19th-century Irish Nationalist, Charles Stewart Parnell; but after Parnell's involvement in . . .
Luigi Cadorna
September 4, 1850 -- December 21, 1928
Pallanza, Piedmont, Kingdom of Sardinia [Italy] -- Bordighera, Italy
General who completely reorganized Italy's ill-prepared army on the eve of World War I and who was chief of staff during the first 30 months of that conflict.
Richard Rogers Bowker
September 4, 1848 -- November 12, 1933
Salem, Mass., U.S. -- Stockbridge, Mass.
Editor and publisher who was important in the development of U.S. professional library standards.
Daniel H(udson) Burnham
September 4, 1846 -- June 1, 1912
Henderson, N.Y., U.S. -- Heidelberg, Ger.
American architect and city planner whose plan for Chicago anticipated by 30 years the need for planning and development on a metropolitan area basis. He was a pioneer with his partner, John Wellborn Root, in the development of Chicago commercial architecture, . . .
Sir Charles Wentworth Dilke, 2ND BARONET
September 4, 1843 -- January 26, 1911
London, Eng. -- London
British statesman and Radical member of Parliament who became a member of the Cabinet in William E. Gladstone's second administration but was ruined at the height of his career when he was cited as corespondent in a divorce suit.
Dadabhai Naoroji
September 4, 1825 -- June 30, 1917
Bombay, India -- Bombay
Indian nationalist and critic of British economic policy in India.
Cary, Alice; and Cary, Phoebe
September 4, 1824 -- July 31, 1871
near Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. -- Newport, R.I.
American poets whose work was both moralistic and idealistic.
(Josef) Anton Bruckner
September 4, 1824 -- October 11, 1896
Ansfelden, Austria -- Vienna
Austrian composer best known for his nine symphonies, his three great masses, a requiem, and a Te Deum.
Cary, Alice; and Cary, Phoebe
September 4, 1824 -- July 31, 1871
near Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. -- Newport, R.I.
American poets whose work was both moralistic and idealistic.
Richard Congreve
September 4, 1818 -- July 5, 1899
Leamington, Warwickshire, Eng. -- London
Positivist philosopher, a disciple of Auguste Comte and founder of the Church of Humanity in London.
Marie-Felicite-Denise Pleyel
September 4, 1811 -- March 30, 1875
Paris, France -- St.-Josse-ten-Noode, near Brussels, Belg.
French pianist and teacher, one of the most celebrated virtuosos of the 19th century.
Donald McKay
September 4, 1810 -- September 20, 1880
Nova Scotia -- Hamilton, Mass., U.S.
Canadian-born naval architect and builder of the largest and fastest of the clipper ships.
William E. Dodge
September 4, 1805 -- February 9, 1883
Hartford, Conn., U.S. -- New York, N.Y.
American merchant, cofounder of Phelps, Dodge & Company, which was one of the largest mining companies in the United States for more than a century.
Thomas Ustick Walter
September 4, 1804 -- October 30, 1887
Philadelphia -- Philadelphia
Architect important in American architecture for the quality and influence of his designs based upon ancient Greek models.
Emil Devrient
September 4, 1803 -- August 7, 1872
Berlin -- Dresden, Ger.
German actor of the 19th century who gained prominence in youthful heroic parts.
Marcus Whitman
September 4, 1802 -- November 29, 1847
Rushville, N.Y., U.S. -- Waiilatpu, Oregon Territory [now in Washington, U.S.]
American physician, Congregational missionary to the Indians in the territories of present-day Washington and Oregon, and a pioneer who helped open the Pacific Northwest to settlement.
Edward Bates
September 4, 1793 -- March 25, 1869
Goochland County, Va., U.S. -- St. Louis, Mo.
Lawyer and Whig politician who joined the Republican Party before the U.S. Civil War and served as Abraham Lincoln's attorney general.
Ninomiya Sontoku
September 4, 1787 -- November 17, 1856
Kayama, Sagami Province, Japan -- Imaichi, Shimotsuke Province
Japanese agrarian reformer who helped improve agricultural techniques and whose writings exalting rural life earned him the affectionate title of the "Peasant Sage of Japan."
Francois-Auguste-Rene Chateaubriand, Viscount (vicomte) de
September 4, 1768 -- July 4, 1848
Saint-Malo, France -- Paris
French author and diplomat, one of his country's first Romantic writers. He was the preeminent literary figure in France in the early 19th century and had a profound influence on the youth of his day.
Hans Axel von Fersen
September 4, 1755 -- June 20, 1810
Stockholm, Sweden -- Stockholm
Swedish-French soldier, diplomat, and statesman who was active in counterrevolutionary activity after the French Revolution of 1789 and the rise of Napoleon.
Jean Orry
September 4, 1652 -- September 29, 1719
Paris, Fr. -- Paris
French economist whose broad financial and governmental reforms in early 18th-century Spain helped to further the implementation of centralized and uniform administration in that country.
Juan Bautista Jose Cabanilles
September 4, 1644 -- April 29, 1712
Algemesí, Valencia, Spain -- Valencia
Distinguished Spanish organist and composer for the organ. From 1665 he was organist at the Valencia cathedral, and he was ordained a priest in 1668. He apparently travelled little, although his reputation spread as far as France, where he is known to have . . .
Constantijn Huygens
September 4, 1596 -- March 28, 1687
The Hague -- The Hague
The most versatile and the last of the true Dutch Renaissance virtuosos, who made notable contributions in the fields of diplomacy, scholarship, music, poetry, and science.
September 4, 1563 -- August 18, 1620
Emperor of China from 1573 to 1620, during the latter portion of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644).
Alexander III
September 4, 1241 -- March 18, 1286
-- near Kinghorn, Fife, Scot.
King of Scotland from 1249 to 1286, the last major ruler of the dynasty of kings descended from Malcolm III Canmore (reigned 1058-93), who consolidated royal power in Scotland. Alexander left his kingdom independent, united, and prosperous, and his reign was viewed as a . . .

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