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Born on October 2
Maury WillsU.S. professional baseball player and manager, who set base-stealing records in his playing career.
October 2, 1932
ObituaryWas the precocious rotund child star who voiced authority while portraying Spanky, the beanie-sporting leader of "Our Gang," a highly successful series of two-reel comedies featuring the antics of Spanky, Buckwheat, Stymie, Froggy, Butch, Alfalfa, and . . .
October 2, 1928 -- June 30, 1993
Dallas, Texas -- Grapevine, Texas
Robert RuncieArchbishop of Canterbury and titular head of the Anglican Communion from 1980 to 1991.
October 2, 1921
James M. BuchananAmerican economist and educator who received the Nobel Prize for Economic Science in 1986 for his development of the "public-choice theory," a unique method of analyzing economic and political decision making.
October 2, 1919
Murfreesboro, Tenn., U.S.
Christian Rene de DuveBelgian cytologist and biochemist who discovered lysosomes (the digestive organelles of the cell) and peroxisomes (organelles that are the site of metabolic processes involving hydrogen peroxide). For this work he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1974 with Albert Claude and . . .
October 2, 1917
Thames Ditton, Surrey, Eng.
Alex(ander Gillespie) RaymondU.S. comic-strip artist notable for his creation of a number of outstanding and successful adventure comic strips.
October 2, 1909 -- September 6, 1956
New Rochelle, N.Y., U.S. -- near Westport, Conn.
Victor Paz EstenssoroBolivian statesman, founder and principal leader of the left-wing Bolivian political party National Revolutionary Movement (MNR), who served three times as president of Bolivia (1952-56, 1960-64, 1985-89).
October 2, 1907
Alexander Robertus Todd Todd (of Trumpington), BaronBritish biochemist whose research on the structure and synthesis of nucleotides, nucleosides, and nucleotide coenzymes, compounds of the utmost importance in understanding the workings of genes, gained him the 1957 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
October 2, 1907
(Henry) Graham GreeneEnglish novelist, short-story writer, playwright, and journalist whose novels treat life's moral ambiguities in the context of contemporary political settings.
October 2, 1904 -- April 3, 1991
Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, Eng. -- Vevey, Switz.
Lal Bahadur ShastriIndian statesman, prime minister of India (1964-66) after Jawaharlal Nehru.
October 2, 1904 -- January 11, 1966
Mughalsarai, India -- Tashkent, Uzbekistan, U.S.S.R.
Roy CampbellPoet whose vigorous extrovert verse contrasted with the uneasy self-searching of the more prominent socially conscious English poets of the 1930s.
October 2, 1901 -- April 22, 1957
Durban, S.Af. -- near Setúbal, Port.
Charles Stark DraperAmerican aeronautical engineer noted as a designer of navigational and guidance systems for ships, airplanes, and rockets.
October 2, 1901 -- July 25, 1987
Windsor, Mo., U.S. -- Cambridge, Mass.
Abbott, Bud; and Costello, LouPopular American comedic duo who performed on stage, radio, and television and in motion pictures between . . .
October 2, 1896 -- April 25, 1959
Asbury Park, N.J., U.S. -- Beverly Hills, Calif.
Robert Julius TrumplerSwiss-born U.S. astronomer who, in his extensive studies of galactic star clusters, demonstrated the presence throughout the galactic plane of a tenuous haze of interstellar material that absorbs light generally and decreases the apparent brightness of distant . . .
October 2, 1886 -- September 10, 1956
Zürich -- Berkeley, Calif., U.S.
Karl (Anton von) TerzaghiCivil engineer who founded the branch of civil engineering science known as soil mechanics, the study of the properties of soil under stresses and under the action of flowing water.
October 2, 1883 -- October 25, 1963
Prague -- Winchester, Mass., U.S.
Wallace StevensU.S. poet whose work explores the interaction of reality and what man can make of reality in his mind. It was not until late in life that Stevens was read at all widely or recognized as a major poet by more than a few.
October 2, 1879 -- August 2, 1955
Reading, Pa., U.S. -- Hartford, Conn.
Schlumberger, Conrad and MarcelGerman brothers, geophysicists and petroleum engineers noted for their invention, in 1927, of a method of continuous electric logging of boreholes.
October 2, 1878 -- May 9, 1936
Guebwiller, Ger. -- Stockholm
Wilfred Wilson GibsonBritish poet who drew his inspiration from the workaday life of ordinary provincial English families.
October 2, 1878 -- May 26, 1962
Hexham, Northumberland, Eng. -- Virginia Water, Surrey
Cordell HullU.S. secretary of state (1933-44) whose initiation of the reciprocal trade program to lower tariffs set in motion the mechanism for expanded world trade in the 20th century; in 1945 he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his part in organizing the United Nations.
October 2, 1871 -- July 23, 1955
Overton county, Tenn., U.S. -- Bethesda, Md.
Mohandas Karamchand GandhiLeader of the Indian nationalist movement against British rule, considered to be the father of his country. He is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest to achieve political and social progress.
October 2, 1869 -- January 30, 1948
Porbandar, India -- Delhi
Berkeley George Andrew Moynihan Moynihan (of Leeds), 1st BaronBritish surgeon and teacher of medicine who was a noted authority on abdominal surgery.
October 2, 1865 -- September 7, 1936
Malta -- Carr Manor, Leeds, Yorkshire, Eng.
Gerhard (Jakob) De Geer, FriherreSwedish geologist, originator of the varve-counting method used in geochronology.
October 2, 1858 -- July 23, 1943
Stockholm, Swed. -- Saltsjöbaden
Marthinus Theunis SteynLeader of the Orange Free State and its president before and during the South African War (1899-1902).
October 2, 1857 -- November 28, 1916
Rietfontein, Orange Free State [now in South Africa] -- Bloemfontein
Sir Patrick GeddesScottish biologist and sociologist who was one of the modern pioneers of the concept of town and regional planning.
October 2, 1854 -- April 17, 1932
Ballater, Aberdeen, Scot. -- Montpellier, Fr.
William O'BrienIrish journalist and politician who was for several years second only to Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-91) among Irish Nationalist leaders. He was perhaps most important for his "plan of campaign" (1886), by which Irish tenant farmers would withhold all rent . . .
October 2, 1852 -- February 25, 1928
Mallow, County Cork, Ire. -- London, Eng.
Sir William RamsayBritish chemist whose discovery of four of the noble gases (neon, argon, krypton, and xenon) earned him the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1904.
October 2, 1852 -- July 23, 1916
Glasgow -- High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, Eng.
Ferdinand FochMarshal of France and commander of Allied forces during the closing months of World War I, generally considered the leader most responsible for the Allied victory.
October 2, 1851 -- March 20, 1929
Tarbes, France -- Paris
Paul von HindenburgGerman field marshal during World War I and second president of the Weimar Republic (1925-34). His presidential terms were wracked by political instability, economic . . .
October 2, 1847 -- August 2, 1934
Posen, Prussia [now Poznan, Pol.] -- Neudeck, Ger. [now in Poland]
Kaarlo BergbomActivist in the struggle to enhance Finnish-language institutions, and founder-director of the first stable Finnish-language theatre, the Finnish National Theatre. Bergbom, himself the author of a romantic tragedy, directed the first performance of Aleksis Kivi's one-act . . .
October 2, 1843 -- January 17, 1906
Vyborg, Russia -- Helsinki, Fin.
Sir Edward Burnett TylorEnglish anthropologist regarded as the founder of cultural anthropology. His most important work, Primitive Culture (1871), influenced by Darwin's theory of biological evolution, developed the theory of an evolutionary, progressive relationship between primitive . . .
October 2, 1832 -- January 2, 1917
London -- Wellington, Somerset, Eng.
(Ferdinand Gustav) Julius von SachsGerman botanist whose work on nutrition, tropism, and transpiration of water greatly advanced the knowledge of plant physiology during the second half of the 19th century.
October 2, 1832 -- May 29, 1897
Breslau, Ger. [now Wroclaw, Pol.] -- Würzburg, Ger.
E(dwin) L(awrence) GodkinAnglo-U.S. editor and founder of The Nation.
October 2, 1831 -- May 21, 1902
Moyne, County Wicklow, Ire. -- Greenway, Devonshire, Eng.
Charles (-Thomas) FloquetFrench politician whose deep attachment to the republic led him to become an antagonist of the political aspirations of Gen. Georges Boulanger.
October 2, 1828 -- January 18, 1896
Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, Fr. -- Paris
(Louis-)Charles DelescluzeFrench revolutionary figure who participated in the uprisings of 1830 and 1848 and who was an important leader in the Paris Commune (1871).
October 2, 1809 -- May 25, 1871
Dreux, Fr. -- Paris
Nat TurnerBlack American bondsman who led the only effective, sustained slave revolt (August 1831) in U.S. history. Spreading terror throughout the white South, his action set off a new wave of oppressive legislation prohibiting the education, movement, and assembly . . .
October 2, 1800 -- November 11, 1831
Southampton county, Va., U.S. -- Jerusalem, Va.
Felix Schwarzenberg, Prince (Furst) zuAustrian statesman who restored the Habsburg empire as a great European power after its almost complete collapse during the revolutions of 1848-49.
October 2, 1800 -- April 5, 1852
Krummau, Bohemia, Austrian Habsburg domain [now Ceský Krumlov, Czech Republic] -- Vienna, Austria
Charles AlbertKing of Sardinia-Piedmont (1831-49) during the turbulent period of the Risorgimento, the movement for the unification of Italy. His political vacillations make him an enigmatic personality.
October 2, 1798 -- July 28, 1849
Turin, Piedmont, French Republic -- Oporto, Port.
William Carr Beresford Beresford, Viscount, BARON BERESFORD OF ALBUERA AND DUNGARVAN, DUKE (duque) DE ELVASBritish general and Portuguese marshal prominent in the (Iberian) Peninsular War of 1808-14. For his costly victory over the French at La Albuera, Spain, on May 16, 1811, he was subjected to harsh criticism in Great Britain.
October 2, 1768 -- January 8, 1854
-- Bedgebury, Kent, Eng.
Louis-Gabriel-Ambroise Bonald, vicomte dePolitical philosopher and statesman who, with the French Roman Catholic thinker Joseph de Maistre, was a leading apologist for Legitimism, a position contrary to the values of the French Revolution and favouring monarchical and ecclesiastical authority.
October 2, 1754 -- November 23, 1840
Le Monna, near Millau, Fr. -- Le Monna
Francis HopkinsonAmerican lawyer, musician, author, member of the Continental Congress, and signer of the Declaration of Independence.
October 2, 1737 -- May 9, 1791
Philadelphia, Pa. [U.S.] -- Philadelphia
Elizabeth MontaguOne of the first Bluestockings (q.v.), a group of English women who organized conversation evenings to find a more worthy pastime than card playing. She made her house in London's Mayfair the social centre of intellectual society, regularly entertaining . . .
October 2, 1720 -- August 25, 1800
York, Eng. -- London
Gedeon Tallemant des ReauxFrench writer of entertaining and informative Historiettes, or short biographies.
October 2, 1619 -- November 10, 1692
La Rochelle, Fr. -- Paris
Andreas GryphiusLyric poet and dramatist, one of Germany's leading writers in the 17th century.
October 2, 1616 -- July 16, 1664
Glogau, Silesia [now Glogów, Pol.] -- Glogau
Saint Charles BorromeoCardinal and archbishop who was one of the most important figures of the Counter-Reformation in Italy.
October 2, 1538 -- November 3, 4
Arona, Duchy of Milan
Richard IIILast Yorkist king of England, who usurped power in June 1483 and ruled until he was killed in battle. An extremely controversial figure, he has been portrayed by historians . . .
October 2, 1452 -- August 22, 1485
Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, Eng. -- Bosworth, Leicestershire
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