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Born on October 2

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Maury Wills
October 2, 1932
Washington, D.C.
U.S. professional baseball player and manager, who set base-stealing records in his playing career.
Obituary
October 2, 1928 -- June 30, 1993
Dallas, Texas -- Grapevine, Texas
Was the precocious rotund child star who voiced authority while portraying Spanky, the beanie-sporting leader of "Our Gang," a highly successful series of two-reel comedies featuring the antics of Spanky, Buckwheat, Stymie, Froggy, Butch, Alfalfa, and . . .
Robert Runcie
October 2, 1921
Liverpool, Eng.
Archbishop of Canterbury and titular head of the Anglican Communion from 1980 to 1991.
James M. Buchanan
October 2, 1919
Murfreesboro, Tenn., U.S.
American economist and educator who received the Nobel Prize for Economic Science in 1986 for his development of the "public-choice theory," a unique method of analyzing economic and political decision making.
Christian Rene de Duve
October 2, 1917
Thames Ditton, Surrey, Eng.
Belgian cytologist and biochemist who discovered lysosomes (the digestive organelles of the cell) and peroxisomes (organelles that are the site of metabolic processes involving hydrogen peroxide). For this work he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1974 with Albert Claude and . . .
Alex(ander Gillespie) Raymond
October 2, 1909 -- September 6, 1956
New Rochelle, N.Y., U.S. -- near Westport, Conn.
U.S. comic-strip artist notable for his creation of a number of outstanding and successful adventure comic strips.
Victor Paz Estenssoro
October 2, 1907
Tarija, Bol.
Bolivian statesman, founder and principal leader of the left-wing Bolivian political party National Revolutionary Movement (MNR), who served three times as president of Bolivia (1952-56, 1960-64, 1985-89).
Alexander Robertus Todd Todd (of Trumpington), Baron
October 2, 1907
Glasgow, Scot.
British biochemist whose research on the structure and synthesis of nucleotides, nucleosides, and nucleotide coenzymes, compounds of the utmost importance in understanding the workings of genes, gained him the 1957 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
(Henry) Graham Greene
October 2, 1904 -- April 3, 1991
Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, Eng. -- Vevey, Switz.
English novelist, short-story writer, playwright, and journalist whose novels treat life's moral ambiguities in the context of contemporary political settings.
Lal Bahadur Shastri
October 2, 1904 -- January 11, 1966
Mughalsarai, India -- Tashkent, Uzbekistan, U.S.S.R.
Indian statesman, prime minister of India (1964-66) after Jawaharlal Nehru.
Roy Campbell
October 2, 1901 -- April 22, 1957
Durban, S.Af. -- near Setúbal, Port.
Poet whose vigorous extrovert verse contrasted with the uneasy self-searching of the more prominent socially conscious English poets of the 1930s.
Charles Stark Draper
October 2, 1901 -- July 25, 1987
Windsor, Mo., U.S. -- Cambridge, Mass.
American aeronautical engineer noted as a designer of navigational and guidance systems for ships, airplanes, and rockets.
Abbott, Bud; and Costello, Lou
October 2, 1896 -- April 25, 1959
Asbury Park, N.J., U.S. -- Beverly Hills, Calif.
Popular American comedic duo who performed on stage, radio, and television and in motion pictures between . . .
Robert Julius Trumpler
October 2, 1886 -- September 10, 1956
Zürich -- Berkeley, Calif., U.S.
Swiss-born U.S. astronomer who, in his extensive studies of galactic star clusters, demonstrated the presence throughout the galactic plane of a tenuous haze of interstellar material that absorbs light generally and decreases the apparent brightness of distant . . .
Karl (Anton von) Terzaghi
October 2, 1883 -- October 25, 1963
Prague -- Winchester, Mass., U.S.
Civil engineer who founded the branch of civil engineering science known as soil mechanics, the study of the properties of soil under stresses and under the action of flowing water.
Wallace Stevens
October 2, 1879 -- August 2, 1955
Reading, Pa., U.S. -- Hartford, Conn.
U.S. poet whose work explores the interaction of reality and what man can make of reality in his mind. It was not until late in life that Stevens was read at all widely or recognized as a major poet by more than a few.
Schlumberger, Conrad and Marcel
October 2, 1878 -- May 9, 1936
Guebwiller, Ger. -- Stockholm
German brothers, geophysicists and petroleum engineers noted for their invention, in 1927, of a method of continuous electric logging of boreholes.
Wilfred Wilson Gibson
October 2, 1878 -- May 26, 1962
Hexham, Northumberland, Eng. -- Virginia Water, Surrey
British poet who drew his inspiration from the workaday life of ordinary provincial English families.
Cordell Hull
October 2, 1871 -- July 23, 1955
Overton county, Tenn., U.S. -- Bethesda, Md.
U.S. secretary of state (1933-44) whose initiation of the reciprocal trade program to lower tariffs set in motion the mechanism for expanded world trade in the 20th century; in 1945 he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his part in organizing the United Nations.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
October 2, 1869 -- January 30, 1948
Porbandar, India -- Delhi
Leader of the Indian nationalist movement against British rule, considered to be the father of his country. He is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest to achieve political and social progress.
Berkeley George Andrew Moynihan Moynihan (of Leeds), 1st Baron
October 2, 1865 -- September 7, 1936
Malta -- Carr Manor, Leeds, Yorkshire, Eng.
British surgeon and teacher of medicine who was a noted authority on abdominal surgery.
Gerhard (Jakob) De Geer, Friherre
October 2, 1858 -- July 23, 1943
Stockholm, Swed. -- Saltsjöbaden
Swedish geologist, originator of the varve-counting method used in geochronology.
Marthinus Theunis Steyn
October 2, 1857 -- November 28, 1916
Rietfontein, Orange Free State [now in South Africa] -- Bloemfontein
Leader of the Orange Free State and its president before and during the South African War (1899-1902).
Sir Patrick Geddes
October 2, 1854 -- April 17, 1932
Ballater, Aberdeen, Scot. -- Montpellier, Fr.
Scottish biologist and sociologist who was one of the modern pioneers of the concept of town and regional planning.
William O'Brien
October 2, 1852 -- February 25, 1928
Mallow, County Cork, Ire. -- London, Eng.
Irish journalist and politician who was for several years second only to Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-91) among Irish Nationalist leaders. He was perhaps most important for his "plan of campaign" (1886), by which Irish tenant farmers would withhold all rent . . .
Sir William Ramsay
October 2, 1852 -- July 23, 1916
Glasgow -- High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, Eng.
British chemist whose discovery of four of the noble gases (neon, argon, krypton, and xenon) earned him the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1904.
Ferdinand Foch
October 2, 1851 -- March 20, 1929
Tarbes, France -- Paris
Marshal of France and commander of Allied forces during the closing months of World War I, generally considered the leader most responsible for the Allied victory.
Paul von Hindenburg
October 2, 1847 -- August 2, 1934
Posen, Prussia [now Poznan, Pol.] -- Neudeck, Ger. [now in Poland]
German field marshal during World War I and second president of the Weimar Republic (1925-34). His presidential terms were wracked by political instability, economic . . .
Kaarlo Bergbom
October 2, 1843 -- January 17, 1906
Vyborg, Russia -- Helsinki, Fin.
Activist in the struggle to enhance Finnish-language institutions, and founder-director of the first stable Finnish-language theatre, the Finnish National Theatre. Bergbom, himself the author of a romantic tragedy, directed the first performance of Aleksis Kivi's one-act . . .
Sir Edward Burnett Tylor
October 2, 1832 -- January 2, 1917
London -- Wellington, Somerset, Eng.
English anthropologist regarded as the founder of cultural anthropology. His most important work, Primitive Culture (1871), influenced by Darwin's theory of biological evolution, developed the theory of an evolutionary, progressive relationship between primitive . . .
(Ferdinand Gustav) Julius von Sachs
October 2, 1832 -- May 29, 1897
Breslau, Ger. [now Wroclaw, Pol.] -- Würzburg, Ger.
German botanist whose work on nutrition, tropism, and transpiration of water greatly advanced the knowledge of plant physiology during the second half of the 19th century.
E(dwin) L(awrence) Godkin
October 2, 1831 -- May 21, 1902
Moyne, County Wicklow, Ire. -- Greenway, Devonshire, Eng.
Anglo-U.S. editor and founder of The Nation.
Charles (-Thomas) Floquet
October 2, 1828 -- January 18, 1896
Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, Fr. -- Paris
French politician whose deep attachment to the republic led him to become an antagonist of the political aspirations of Gen. Georges Boulanger.
(Louis-)Charles Delescluze
October 2, 1809 -- May 25, 1871
Dreux, Fr. -- Paris
French revolutionary figure who participated in the uprisings of 1830 and 1848 and who was an important leader in the Paris Commune (1871).
Nat Turner
October 2, 1800 -- November 11, 1831
Southampton county, Va., U.S. -- Jerusalem, Va.
Black American bondsman who led the only effective, sustained slave revolt (August 1831) in U.S. history. Spreading terror throughout the white South, his action set off a new wave of oppressive legislation prohibiting the education, movement, and assembly . . .
Felix Schwarzenberg, Prince (Furst) zu
October 2, 1800 -- April 5, 1852
Krummau, Bohemia, Austrian Habsburg domain [now Ceský Krumlov, Czech Republic] -- Vienna, Austria
Austrian statesman who restored the Habsburg empire as a great European power after its almost complete collapse during the revolutions of 1848-49.
Charles Albert
October 2, 1798 -- July 28, 1849
Turin, Piedmont, French Republic -- Oporto, Port.
King of Sardinia-Piedmont (1831-49) during the turbulent period of the Risorgimento, the movement for the unification of Italy. His political vacillations make him an enigmatic personality.
William Carr Beresford Beresford, Viscount, BARON BERESFORD OF ALBUERA AND DUNGARVAN, DUKE (duque) DE ELVAS
October 2, 1768 -- January 8, 1854
-- Bedgebury, Kent, Eng.
British general and Portuguese marshal prominent in the (Iberian) Peninsular War of 1808-14. For his costly victory over the French at La Albuera, Spain, on May 16, 1811, he was subjected to harsh criticism in Great Britain.
Louis-Gabriel-Ambroise Bonald, vicomte de
October 2, 1754 -- November 23, 1840
Le Monna, near Millau, Fr. -- Le Monna
Political philosopher and statesman who, with the French Roman Catholic thinker Joseph de Maistre, was a leading apologist for Legitimism, a position contrary to the values of the French Revolution and favouring monarchical and ecclesiastical authority.
Francis Hopkinson
October 2, 1737 -- May 9, 1791
Philadelphia, Pa. [U.S.] -- Philadelphia
American lawyer, musician, author, member of the Continental Congress, and signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Elizabeth Montagu
October 2, 1720 -- August 25, 1800
York, Eng. -- London
One of the first Bluestockings (q.v.), a group of English women who organized conversation evenings to find a more worthy pastime than card playing. She made her house in London's Mayfair the social centre of intellectual society, regularly entertaining . . .
Gedeon Tallemant des Reaux
October 2, 1619 -- November 10, 1692
La Rochelle, Fr. -- Paris
French writer of entertaining and informative Historiettes, or short biographies.
Andreas Gryphius
October 2, 1616 -- July 16, 1664
Glogau, Silesia [now Glogów, Pol.] -- Glogau
Lyric poet and dramatist, one of Germany's leading writers in the 17th century.
Saint Charles Borromeo
October 2, 1538 -- November 3, 4
Arona, Duchy of Milan
Cardinal and archbishop who was one of the most important figures of the Counter-Reformation in Italy.
Richard III
October 2, 1452 -- August 22, 1485
Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, Eng. -- Bosworth, Leicestershire
Last Yorkist king of England, who usurped power in June 1483 and ruled until he was killed in battle. An extremely controversial figure, he has been portrayed by historians . . .

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